Wednesday, December 25, 2013

福島-世界の海への影響 Fukushima effects to World Ocean


Fukushima is worse than Chernobyl: radiation affects fish, World Ocean, West Coast - experts
フクシマの影響 米国にまで チェルノブイリより酷い福島

Boris Pavlischev
ボリス パヴリシェフ

25 December 2013, 14:40 

Three years on, the general public is still nervous about the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant disaster of March 2011. Heavy rain has caused more contaminated water leaks over the protection dike recently. The Japanese are increasingly distrustful of atomic scientists' claims that the contaminated water has failed to make it to the ocean. Meanwhile, The Cape Cod Times US newspapers reports that the Fukushima toxic waste is reaching the US West Coast, while 70 crewmembers of the US Ronald Reagan aircraft-carrier, involved in the relief operation in the wake of the disaster, are filing a lawsuit against the TEPCO Fukushima operator company, claiming the Japanese company had failed to warn them of all the risks that they were running during the operation.
福島第一原子力発電所は事故から3年近く経った今でも社会を騒がせ続けている。最近、強い雨の影響により再び汚染水が漏れ出す事件が発生した。専門家らは海にはもれていないとしているが、それを信じる人はますます少なくなっている。米紙「The Cape Cod Times」は、福島原発から放出された有害物質が米国西海岸に近づいていると報じている。また事故後の救助作業に参加した米海軍空母「ドナルド・レーガン」の乗組員70名は、東京電力が十分なリスク説明を行っていなかったとして訴訟を起こしている。

Navy Sailor Claims TEPCO Mishandled Nuclear Disaster: Fifty-one crew members of the USS Ronald Reagan say they are suffering from a variety of cancers as a direct result of their involvement in Operation Tomodachi, a U.S. rescue mission in Fukushima after the nuclear disaster in March 2011.

USS Ronald Reagan was riding athwart in the radioactive discharge plume 10 miles away from the crippled Fukushima plant. The crew desalinated seawater to use it in cooking, with some crew members developing cancerous diseases and/or becoming blind as a result.

The contamination of the ocean within the 10-mile zone of the nuclear power plant is due to the fact that some of the reactor nuclear decay products made it to the ocean, rather than to the air, as was the case in Chernobyl in 1986. Currents take harmful agents to great distances, so the seafood and fish that are caught in the contaminated currents even in other parts of the world may still prove a health hazard, says the Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Natural Resources, Maxim Shingarkin.

"Because of the World Ocean currents, the seafood that's caught off the US Pacific coast is more likely to contain radionuclides than the seafood in the Sea of Okhotsk, which is by far closer to Japan. It is these marine products that may find their way to the tables of different countries' residents that pose the gravest danger," he said.

Contaminated fish may have been caught and delivered anywhere. From now on one should bear in mind that it's impossible to check the entire fish catch for radiation. This is what the co-chairman of the Eco-Protection international environmental group, Vladimir Slivyak, says about the situation in a comment.

"Russia has been considering setting limits on catching marine products and fish in the Far East. But no restrictions have officially been imposed thus far, to the best of my knowledge. But some moves may eventually be made," he said.

As regards atmospheric contamination, the crippled Fukushima plant radionuclides are known to have reached California and Mexico eight days after the disaster. Russia was unaffected by the propagation of radiation, says Maxim Shingarkin.

"The radioactive discharges to the atmosphere had failed to focus on either the Sea of Okhotsk, or Sakhalin Island, or the Far East, or the Kuril Islands. Besides, radiation transfer through the air has so far posed little or no danger. But let's wait and see, for not all fuel has been removed from the damaged nuclear reactors yet. We can therefore expect atmospheric radiation releases as a result of the heating up of reactors," he said.

It took years in the wake of the Chernobyl accident to draw more accurate conclusions about the scale of radioactive contamination. The situation around Fukushima seems to be pretty much the same, says Vladimir Slivyak, and elaborates.


"We are likely to learn about the detailed consequences of the Fukushima nuclear disaster in a matter of 10 to 15 years. It is clear that a great deal of fisheries, water grass areas and actually anything in the ocean has been contaminated. Fukushima radiation is understandably spreading across the world. It is obvious that large areas have been contaminated in Japan. But it will take years of research to get a more detailed picture of the Fukushima disaster consequences," he said.

Meanwhile, tests in California found that the blue-fin tuna caught in coastal waters were contaminated, according to the portal. The contaminated water has most likely reached the area, since radioactive iodine levels have grown more than 200 times. The level of caesium-137 has also grown along the entire length of the US West Coast, the radioactive caesium was found in local berries and mushrooms. Meanwhile, local residents have reported more frequent bird deaths recently. Radionuclides have made it even to the Alaskan coast, causing a decline in the sockeye populations there. Some experts claim we are yet to see more consequences of the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster.
いまでもカリフォルニア沿岸で獲れるマグロはすべて放射線が含まれている、という結果が で示されている。褐藻類に含まれる放射性ヨードが200倍以上に増えているため、おそらく汚染水が達したものと見られている。米国西海岸でのイチゴおよびキノコにおけるセシウム137も上昇している。すでに鳥が死亡しているとの報告も地元住民から上がっている。放射性物質はアラスカ海岸へも到達し、ベニザケの数が減少することとなった。専門家の中には、2011年の福島原発事故による結果を更に見ることになるだろうと主張している。(ただ、このような資料はいまだに事故による影響の全貌ではない。)

Note: Japanese translation is edited according to the English description.

Thursday, December 19, 2013

BC州ケール  BC Kale

試料 名 Sample : 

ケール (乾燥)

採取 場所 Origin: 
Private Garden in Vancouver, BC, Canada

採取年月 Purchase date: 2013 年12月02日 (December 2, 2013)
測定日時 Date Tested :  2013 年 12月18日 (December 18, 2013)       
測定時間 Duration :       62979 秒(seconds)
試料容器 Container:      500mLマリネリ容器(Marinelli)
試料重量 Sample weight:79.5g

Tested by  CRMSせたがや (Citizen Radioactivity Measuring Station, Setagaya)

K40  1242 +- 26.41 Bq/kg

Be7 225 +- 7.64 Bq/kg

Friday, November 8, 2013

BC州ブルーベリー  BC Blueberries


試料 名 Sample : 
ブルーベリー (乾燥)

採取 場所 Origin: 

Granny Franny’s Blueberry Farm, Port Coquitlam, BC, Canada

採取年月 Purchase date: 2013 年7月20日 (July 20, 2013)
測定日時 Date Tested :  2013 年 10月28日 (October 28, 2013)       
測定時間 Duration :       55458 秒(seconds)
試料容器 Container:      70mL容器(Beaker)
試料重量 Sample weight:46.7g

Tested by  CRMSせたがや (Citizen Radioactivity Measuring Station, Setagaya)

Sunday, October 27, 2013

市販ほうれんそう Spinach sold in Greater Vancouver


採取年月 Purchase date   2013 年 6 月29日 (June 29, 2013)
測定日時 Date Tested :  2013 年 6 月29日 (June 29, 2013)       
測定時間 Duration :        27033 秒(seconds)
検査機器 Detector:         NaI 5"x4”
試料重量 Sample weight:1kg (2 bundles)

市販じゃがいも Potato sold in Greater Vancouver


採取年月 Purchase date   2013 年 7 月10日 (July 10, 2013)
測定日時 Date Tested :  2013 年 7 月10日 (July 10, 2013)       
測定時間 Duration :        21200 秒(seconds)
検査機器 Detector:         NaI 5"x4”
試料重量 Sample weight:1.472k

市販きのこ  Mushroom sold in Greater Vancouver


採取年月 Purchase date   2013 年 6 月23日 (June 23, 2013)
測定日時 Date Tested :  2013 年 6 月23日 (June 23, 2013)       
測定時間 Duration :        31028 秒(seconds)
検査機器 Detector:         NaI 5"x4”
試料重量 Sample weight:1kg (Large x 4)

                          採取年月 Purchase date   2013 年 6 月23日 (June 23, 2013)
                          測定日時 Date Tested :  2013 年 6 月23日 (June 23, 2013)    
                          測定時間 Duration :        31401 秒(seconds)
                          検査機器 Detector:         NaI 5’x4”
                          試料重量 Sample weight:760g

Saturday, October 26, 2013

BC州マツタケ BC Matsutake Mushroom

試料 名 Sample : マツタケ   
Matsudake Mushroom


採取 場所 Origin: Terrace, BC, Canada

採取年月 Purchase date:2013 年 10 月 (October, 2013)

測定日時 Date Tested :       2013 年 10 月 16 日 (October 16, 2013)       
測定時間 Duration :            151903 秒(seconds)
試料容器 Container:           500m Lマリ ネリ容器(Marinelli beaker)
試料重量 Sample weight:    456.0g

Tested by  CRMSせたがや (Citizen Radioactivity Measuring Station, Setagaya)

Monday, October 7, 2013

日本の主張と魚の主張の違い Difference between claims of Japan and that of Pacific fish


Fish data belie Japan's claims on Fukushima

by ALEX ROSLIN on OCT 2, 2013 at 11:00 AM

ARE FISH FROM the Pacific Ocean safe to eat? It’s a question that’s back in the news after revelations of highly radioactive water leaking into the ocean from Japan’s Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant.

“Let me assure you, the situation is under control,” Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe said during lobbying for the 2020 Olympics. “There are no health-related problems until now, nor will there be in the future.”


But the fish tell a different story about the impacts of the March 2011 tsunami that destroyed the Fukushima plant and caused massive amounts of radiation to end up in the Pacific.

About 800 people worldwide will get cancer from radiation due to Fukushima in fish eaten to date, according to Georgia Straight calculations. The Straight results relied on a widely used cancer-risk formula developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as well as radiation levels in 33,000 fish tested by the Japanese Fisheries Agency.

Half the cancers will be fatal. About 500 will be in Japan; 75 will be due to Japanese fish exports to other countries; and 225 will be from fishing in the Pacific by nations other than Japan.

And that’s likely only a small part of the actual long-term cancer impacts from eating the fish. Two nuclear experts who saw the Straight’s figures said the real cancer toll could be 100 times higher—or 80,000 cancers.

“The potential numbers could be two orders of magnitude [100 times] higher than your numbers,” Daniel Hirsch, a nuclear-policy lecturer at the University of California at Santa Cruz, said in a phone interview. “Hundreds of cancers are nothing to sneeze at, and it is a fraction of what I suspect the total will be.”

That could be the toll, Hirsch said, if all factors are taken into account, including: future fish consumption (the Straight’s number only includes fish eaten up to mid-July 2013); highly damaging isotopes that were released in the disaster but aren’t being monitored, such as strontium 90 and plutonium 239; consumption of contaminated fish caught in the entire Pacific (our number includes only fish caught in Japan and regions to the north and west of the archipelago, where the most radiation data exists, and doesn’t include any farmed fish); and research suggesting that radiation causes many more cancers than official formulas predict. (For more, see page 18.)

“Apologists say it’s a large ocean and dilution is the solution to pollution,” said Hirsch, who cochaired a California state appointed panel that oversaw a study of cancer among nuclear-power workers in the 1990s. “Dilution actually does nothing except expose a larger population.”

Because of the uncertainties involved with such calculations, it’s not clear how many cancers would occur in Canada or the U.S. The cancer numbers don’t include risk from fish catches in North American West Coast waters, where only a few sporadic radiation tōests have been done.

The cancer numbers also don’t include other possible health impacts from radiation in the fish, such as heart disease, stillbirths, and genetic damage to subsequent generations.

Those cases could actually outnumber the cancers, according to Sebastian Pflugbeil, a physicist in Germany who travelled to Japan to study Fukushima’s health impacts and who studied the impacts of the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster.

Pflugbeil checked the Straight’s calculations to make sure they were accurate, and he agreed with Hirsch that the final cancer toll could be 100 times higher. “Your calculation is nearly the lowest possible number of problems,” he said in a phone interview from Berlin.

The Straight also sent its cancer calculations to Eiichiro Ochiai, a retired chemistry professor in Vancouver who taught at UBC and the University of Tokyo and has written a book titled Hiroshima to Fukushima: Biohazards of Radiation (to be released on October 31).

In a phone interview, Ochiai agreed the calculations were done correctly and that the actual cancer toll will likely be higher. He said cancer-risk formulas used by governments underestimate the true cancer impact, especially those cases that arise from eating contaminated food.

“The official data is all denial,” Ochiai said. “The nuclear industry tries to suppress the truth.”

Erica Frank, a Vancouver MD, was taken aback when told the Straight’s results. “How can a person do anything but gasp?” she said in a phone interview. “That’s horrible. This is the beginning of a potential epidemic of radiation-related deaths from fish in the Pacific. It has vast implications for human health.”

Frank is a professor of population and public health in UBC’s faculty of medicine and a past president of the U.S. group Physicians for Social Responsibility, which shared in the 1985 Nobel Peace Prize. In June, Frank sponsored a motion, adopted by the American Medical Association, that called on the U.S. to continue to monitor radiation in ocean fish. She said that after Fukushima, she decided to stop eating fish from Asia. She is especially concerned about impacts on B.C. migratory salmon. “I eat so much salmon. I love salmon; I am vulnerable.”

Reactions to the Straight’s results varied. “I see no value in you publishing such information. It would only cause an unwarranted increase in angst,” said Thomas Hinton, a U.S.–based radiation ecologist at France’s Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety.

Hinton coauthored a study in the June Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences that dismissed fears about eating fish contaminated by radiation from Fukushima, saying that radiation in tuna caught near California was “below levels that should cause concern”.

After the Straight sent him its cancer calculations, Hinton said in an email that the risk is still smaller than from natural sources such as cosmic rays, and that the average radiation level in the fish is below the Japanese government ceiling, which is 100 becquerels per kilo in food. Hinton didn’t respond to a phone-interview request.

In Berlin, Pflugbeil rejected Hinton’s argument, saying radiation from Fukushima can still cause cancers even if it is lower than natural radiation and government ceilings.

For example, 150,000 more people in Germany would die of cancer each year if all food had radiation at the European Union ceiling, according to a 2011 study Pflugbeil coauthored about Fukushima for Berlin-based Foodwatch.

“The allowed level of radiation in food is not the result of medical calculations but is a level which the atomic industry thinks it can accept. It’s very important to understand that the health of people plays almost no role in such calculations,” Pflugbeil told the Straight.

Arnold Gundersen, chief engineer at energy consulting firm Fairewinds Associates in Burlington, Vermont, also verified the Straight’s math.

Gundersen, who has a master’s degree in nuclear engineering, said by phone that the final number of cancer cases could be “over an order of magnitude higher” than the Straight figure. “Cancer rates are going up. It’s a useful fiction for the nuclear industry to say no one died.”

Edwin Lyman, a physicist specializing in nuclear issues and a senior scientist with the Washington, D.C.–based Union of Concerned Scientists, also checked the calculations. “There is a small risk for people who eat that fish,” he said in a phone interview. “If you ingest radioactive material, there is a cancer risk associated with that.”

And according to Cindy Folkers, a radiation and health specialist for the group Beyond Nuclear, in Takoma Park, Maryland, the presence of natural radiation doesn’t make it okay to add more carcinogens to the environment. “All this BS about natural radiation is used as an excuse to expose us to more radiation through their nuclear-industry processes,” Folkers said by phone.

In Ottawa, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency briefly tested food imports from Japan and required safety documentation on imports from the area around Fukushima. It dropped both those measures in June 2011, three months after the disaster.

The CFIA’s tests included about 50 fish and seafood products. But a CFIA product list supplied to the Straight included few of the fish species that have been found to have especially high levels of cesium, such as landlocked salmon, eel, carp, cod, and sea bass—all of which Japan has exported to Canada since the disaster. One sample of smoked bonito had 7.7 becquerels of cesium per kilo but it was allowed on the market, said CFIA spokesperson Elena Koutsavakis by phone.

japanese import
Click to go to the original site. 

“If it is below the Health Canada action level, we don’t see a reason for concern or a safety risk,” she said. Health Canada’s ceiling of 1,000 becquerels per kilo for cesium is 10 times that of Japan.

The CFIA did more radiation tests on Japanese food imports in the Vancouver region in September and October 2012; it still hasn’t released those results. Asked why the information has not been made public, Koutsavakis said that it is still being analyzed a year later: “It’s just a matter of doing the work based on the risk. That’s why it took longer.”

The Straight has filed a freedom-of-information request for the results.

Closer to home, the B.C. Centre for Disease Control long ago dismissed concerns about Fukushima’s impacts here. “There is no health risk from radiation from the nuclear-power plants in Japan to people in B.C.,” it said in a statement in March 2011.

“At Fukushima, [the reactor’s] design is great. No human error. Natural disaster,” said Abderrachid Zitouni, the BCCDC’s radiation specialist, explaining the disaster’s cause during a talk to B.C. medical professionals in April 2011. He delivered a PowerPoint presentation that said the accident had involved only a “minor release” of radiation with a “local impact only”.
「福島では、(原子炉の)設計はすばらしいものです。人間の間違えはありません。自然災害です。」とBC疾病管理センターの放射能専門家、Abderrachid Zitouni氏は2011年4月にBC医療専門家たちに対し、災害の原因についてその様に説明した。彼はパワーポイントでプレゼンテーションを行い、事故では、単なる「大したことのない放射能の放出」しかなく、「その地域にしか影響がない」と話した。

(In fact, a Japanese parliamentary commission last year called Fukushima “a profoundly man-made disaster—that could and should have been foreseen and prevented”, blaming “a multitude of errors” and “ignorance and arrogance unforgivable for anyone or any organization that deals with nuclear power”.)

Zitouni didn’t return a phone message. Instead, BCCDC spokesperson Alex Dabrowski emailed the Straight to refer questions to the CFIA and the Public Health Agency of Canada.

Other countries are taking the risks more seriously. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration and South Korea this month expanded restrictions on Japanese fish imports. South Korea also rejects other food from Japan if it has any cesium. In all, 42 countries and regions had restrictions on food imports from Japan due to Fukushima as of October 2012, according to an August Japan Times story.

Hirsch believes that restrictions and monitoring aren’t enough. “Even fish below limits pose a risk. The fundamental lesson is to try to stop from doing this again. Nuclear power might be safe, but only in the hands of another species.”

Ochiai agreed: “We should keep uranium safely in the ground.”

That lesson doesn’t seem to have sunk in. Since Fukushima, Canada has okayed uranium and nuclear-technology sales to the United Arab Emirates and India. And Japan has signed a deal to help build a new nuclear plant in quake-prone Turkey.
この教訓はまだ浸透していないようだ。福島の事故以来、カナダはアラブ首長国連邦やインドにウランと原子力技術セールスを許しています。 そして日本は地震の多いトルコに新しい原発を建設することに手を貸すビジネスに署名しました。

Saturday, October 5, 2013

カナダ産味噌 Miso, Made of Canada

We tested Local produce of Amano Miso.

Here is our research about their products conducted last year.

2013年9月9日 バンクーバー小売店にて購入

2013年9月30日 測定 (24時間)

Purchased at Japanese store in vancouver on September 9, 2013
Tested for 24 hours on September 30, 2013

2013年9月9日 バンクーバー小売店にて購入

2013年9月29日 測定 (24時間)

Purchased at Japanese store in vancouver on September 9, 2013
Tested for 24 hours on September 30, 2013

Price comparison

Amano trading   $19.60/2.27kg
6409 Arboath St, Burnaby, BC V5E 1C3

Sunrise $20.50/2.27kg
300 Powell St, Vancouver

Fujiya $21.29/2.27kg
912 Clark Dr, Vancouver